Health & Diseases
Health and Diseases
Health problems are a part of life. Our dogs can get sick just like us. Although it is something we would all rather avoid thinking about. It's very important to educate ourselves about what conditions, illnesses or diseases are out there. Our dogs are loyal companions, and they depend on us for proper care. As a responsible dog owner, it is important to recognize the signs and symptoms of common illnesses so you can seek veterinary help for your pet as early as possible. Read on for information about vaccination, de-worming, common diseases and medical conditions that frequently impact dogs.

Some Useful Facts
Average lifespan: 10 - 14 Years
Opening of eyes: 10 - 12 days after birth
Hearing ability: Puppies are born deaf. They normally start hearing sounds 18 - 21 days after birth
Body temperature: 101°F - 102.5°F (38°C - 39°C)
Respiratory rate: 10 - 40 breaths per minute
Heart rate: 60 - 140 beats per minute (adult) and 180 - 220 beats per minute (puppy)
Owner recognition: After 4 weeks of age
Oestrus (heat cycle): Generally, 2 times a year for 14 to 21 days in bitches
Age for first mating: Between 12 - 18 months
Ideal time for mating: 9 to 13 days after onset of heat (spotting)
Duration of pregnancy: 58 to 68 days
Dog Vaccination
Vaccination of puppies and dogs has been considered one of the most important and easiest ways to help him live a long and healthy life. A veterinarian is the best source of information for your puppy's health, so it is important to follow his or her recommendations to ensure a great start for a sound life. There are there different vaccines for different diseases. Puppies should be vaccinated at an early age. Your veterinarian will start your puppy on a vaccination schedule and will advise you when boosters are necessary. Make sure your dog gets a regular veterinary health checkup every six months or as recommended by your veterinarian.

Vaccination Schedule
Selection of vaccines and as well as the vaccination schedule should only be finalized by a veterinarian. A commonly practised (in India) vaccination schedule for a healthy puppy is shown below.

1. Age - 4 Weeks
Vaccination against Parvovirus and Distemper if the dam (mother) is not vaccinated.

2. Age - 5 Weeks
Booster dose against Parvovirus and Distemper.

3. Age - 6 Weeks
Vaccination against Parvovirus and Canine Distemper if the dam (mother) is vaccinated.

4. Age - 8 Weeks
Vaccination against Parvo, Adeno virus, Canine Distemper, Leptospirosis, Coronavirus, Parainfluenza, Bordetella followed by yearly boosters (7 in 1 shot) for life.

5. Age - 3 Months
First shot of Anti-rabies vaccination

6. Age - 4 Months
Booster dose for Rabies(Optional), followed by yearly vaccination for life.

Deworming Pups / Dogs
Worms or parasites are one of the more common problems encountered in canine veterinary practice. Different types of worms may be seen in dogs and puppies like roundworms, hookworms, tapeworms, whipworms, and coccidia. Rough hair and coats, diarrhea, malnutrition progressing to intestinal obstruction and anaemia are common issues with worms.

Your veterinarian can recommend an appropriate dewormer for your dog depending on the type of worms your pet has. This is best determined by having your veterinarian examine a stool sample. Besides that monthly heartworm preventatives will often be effective in killing other parasites such as hookworms and roundworms, as well as in preventing whipworms. Veterinarians normally won't deworm pregnant dogs until after delivery, since most puppies will be born with roundworms regardless how often the dam has been dewormed.

Deworming Schedule
Hookworms and roundworms are the most common worms found in puppies and dogs. This is a guide for deworming as recommended by most of the Veterinarians across the globe.

◾ Deworm puppies at 2, 4, 6 and 8 weeks of age.
Once a month from 3 to 6 months of age.
◾ After 6 months, follow adult recommendations.
◾ Also after six months, use a heartworm preventative medication.

Adult Dogs
A healthy adult dog (over 6 months of age) requires deworming twice a year (i.e. once in every 6 months) for life.

Newly acquired dogs
No matter what the history or the age of the dogs, assume they have parasites and should be dewormed immediately.

◾ Deworm the dog immediately and repeat in two weeks.
◾ Then put the dog on adult deworming program mentioned above.

Some Common Diseases in Dogs
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